Hypothermia and Hyperthermia – Treatment and Prevention

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Hypothermia and Hyperthermia - Treatment and Prevention

When you think about bugging out, you will have some grand plans of sleeping under the stars and roughing it sort of a real survivor. Sadly, it isn’t quite as exciting as many of us assume. It should be improbably cold or very hot. Each situations may be deadly. One of the most vital rules of survival is in the prime five laws of three. You have three hours to take care of your core body temperature. That means, you’ll only be extremely cold or extremely hot for about three hours before you begin to experience hypothermia or hyperthermia. Once your core body temperature fluctuates up or down by a few of degrees from the 98.6 fahrenheit goal, you’re going to have issues. Symptoms return quickly and spiral out of management even quicker. You need to understand how to prevent hypothermia and hypothermia and the way to quickly treat it once you recognize the signs.

Hypothermia

Hypothermia is what happens when your body is to cold and also the core body temperature begins to drop below ninety five degrees. If you were walking through a snowstorm, you’d have around three hours counting on your clothing and the outside temperature, before you began to lose body heat. When your body cannot generate enough heat, you start to experience signs of hypothermia.

Symptoms

Some of the early warning signs of hypothermia include:

  • Shivering
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Feeling hungry
  • Rapid breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Trouble forming words
  • Tiredness
  • Lack of coordination

When you initial notice these symptoms, it’s time to seek out shelter and get out of the weather. You have to act quickly to begin observing your body temperature. Because the hypothermia worsens, you’ll experience a lot of severe symptoms.

  • Shivering begins to subside
  • Extreme confusion, may get lost, take off coat and other clothing
  • Slurred speech
  • Extreme lethargy, will want to lay down and sleep
  • Clumsy, unable to walk
  • Shallow breathing
  • Weak pulse
  • No concern about self-preservation, giving up

The symptoms mentioned above are vital. You have moments to seek shelter and warm up the body before you become unconscious and ultimately pass away if no intervention is taken. Usually times, you won’t recognize the symptoms in yourself. It’s simple to chalk your lethargy up to the fact you have been walking a moment and you’re extremely hungry as a result of you haven’t had a decent meal in a day or two. This can be why it’s vital to teach your entire family the signs of hypothermia. They need to be able to recognize it in you and others so they will take immediate action.

Treatment

Once you know hypothermia is setting in, it is time to move.

  • Get out of the cold and find some heat. Seek shelter and start a fire.
  • Remove any wet clothing.
  • Body heat is an excellent way to warm somebody. Sandwich a person experiencing hypothermia between two warm bodies in front of a fire.
  • If person is conscious, try to get them to sip on warm soup or broth. Avoid giving them alcohol, coffee or tea. Warm water is also an option.

Prevention

  • Keep dry, if you do get wet, change quickly
  • Wear wool clothing
  • Wear a hat to prevent body heat from escaping
  • Only work outside in short spurts when the temperatures are freezing

Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia is the opposite and means that your body is hot. This may happen in extreme heat or high humidness situations. It’s usually called heat exhaustion and in the most severe form, heat stroke.

Symptoms

Early warning symptoms are as follows:

  • Headache
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea or abdominal cramps
  • Dark urine—indicating dehydration
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Profuse sweating
  • Clammy skin

If the condition isn’t treated quickly, it will progress into a heat stroke, which is life threatening.

  • Confusion
  • Lack of coordination
  • Vomiting
  • No sweat despite being very hot
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

Hyperthermia is very dangerous. It’s vital you take action at the primary sign of a headache, which is the key indicator of heat exhaustion.

Treatment

  • Get out of the heat immediately. Find shelter in the shade.
  • Drink water, slowly in order to re-hydrate the body. Do not gulp water as this will cause vomiting, which exacerbates the dehydration.
  • Gently fan the overheated person.
  • If ice is available, place ice packs in the groin area, under the armpits, the back of the neck and on the person’s back.
  • Taking a dip in a lukewarm bath or standing under a cool stream of water can also help lower the body temperature back to a safe level quickly.

Prevention

Your best treatment of hyperthermia is prevention! Avoid getting overheated.

  • Do any outside work in the cool hours of the morning or late evening
  • If you are walking, walk at night or in the early morning and seek shelter during the heat of the day
  • Wear cotton clothing that will stay damp with sweat and help cool you
  • Cover your head with a hat or scarf
  • Cover your skin with lightweight cotton or silk to prevent sunburn
  • Double the amount of water you would normally drink

Before you ever head out into the wilderness, ensure you’re prepared for the weather. Extreme heat or cold can be a lot of deadly than whatever it’s you’re running from.

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